Kilimanjaro boast itself of two records – as the summit of Africa, being the highest mountain in the Continent and also the highest free standing mountain in the world, a great test for mountain climbers.
Kilimanjaro is composed of three distinct volcanic cones: Kibo 5,895m (19,341ft) which is the peak; Mawenzi 5,149m (16,893ft); and Shira 3,962m (13,000ft). It is a giant stratovolcano that began forming a million years ago, when lava spilled from the Rift Valley zone. Two of its three peaks, Mawenzi and Shira, are extinct while Kibo (the highest peak) is dormant and could erupt again. The last major eruption has been dated to 360,000 years ago, while the most recent activity was recorded just 200 years ago. Although it is dormant, Kibo has fumaroles that emit gas in the crater. Scientists concluded in 2003 that molten magma is just 400m (1,310ft) below the summit crater. Several collapses and landslides have occurred on Kibo in the past, one creating the area known as the Western Breach. For now Kilimanjaro is the mountain to climb in Africa!